In Shropshire, England, is a large hill called the Wrekin. It is about 407 metres (1,335 feet) high situated about five miles west of Telford. It is an impressive landmark visible from miles around, including Cleeve Hill, Gloucestershire, Staffordshire and the Black Country and even Beetham Tower, Manchester, and Winter Hill, Lancashire. Probably because of its prominence a number of myths, legends and folklore traditions are associated with it. Here we look at two different folktales that tell how it was by giants and there are several versions some may differ in detail. The first concerns a Welsh giant who sought revenge against the people of the town of Shrewsbury. The second tells how the hill and nearby River Severn were created by two exiled giants working to build themselves a new home.
Gwendol Wrekin ap Shenkin ap Mynyddmawr
Long ago in the land of Wales there lived a giant by the name of Gwendol Wrekin ap Shenkin ap Mynyddmawr. For many years he had demanded tribute from the town of Shrewsbury which was paid in the form of young maidens which he ate. On one occasion one of the maidens managed to escape and return home to Shrewsbury and told the people of the fate of the maidens they sent the giant. The people were outraged and refused to send anymore.
In revenge the giant decided he would drown them all by blocking the flow of the River Severn which ran through the town. To achieve this he took his giant spade and pushed it into the ground collecting a great wad of earth which he intended to drop into the river to block its flow and flood Shrewsbury.
It so happened that he was not the brightest of giants and did not have a clear idea of the location of the river and town. Nevertheless, he set off carrying his spade holding the wad of earth intending to carry out his plan. He seemed to have lost his way and somehow missed Shrewsbury. Eventually he grew very tired and as he approached the town of Wellington he met a cobbler returning to his home after visiting Shrewsbury market for trade. The cobbler was carrying a large sack of assorted footwear that people had commissioned him to repair. The giant asked the cobbler the way to Shrewsbury revealing his plan to block the river with the earth on his spade and drown the town and its people. The cobbler was aghast at the idea but feared upsetting the giant so he quickly came up with a clever ruse telling him,
“Well, actually Shrewsbury is miles and miles away as is the River Severn. See this sack, it is full of shoes that I have worn out walking from Shrewsbury to this very spot and it has taken days and days to get here.”
The giant looked at the sack and saw how full it was and he was greatly dismayed at the thought of walking such a great distance. Feeling tired and disillusioned he dumped the great spadeful of earth on the ground there and then and in later years it became known as the Wrekin. Scraping the mud off his boots with his spade he created a smaller heap of earth which became known as Ercall Hill and wearily made his way home. What became of him after that this tale does not tell.
The Quarreling Giants
The second myth of origin tells how the Wrekin was formed by two giants who had been exiled from their own land and needed somewhere to live. They decided to build a huge hill big enough for them both to live in. To begin with they worked hard and quickly created a huge mound of earth. They dug out a long and winding ditch which filled with water and became the River Severn. The earth from the ditch they piled up high to create a huge mound which became known as the Wrekin.
However, the giants began to quarrel with one another possibly over the use of their only spade. One picked it up and struck the other who fought back with his bare hands. As they were fighting a raven flew by and taking the side of the unarmed giant attacked the one who wielded the spade pecking at his eyes. This caused the armed giant’s eyes to water. A tear fell into a small cleft in the rock which became known as the Raven’s Bowl, or the Cuckoo’s Cup. It is said to hold water even in the hottest weather.
With the help of the raven the unarmed giant won the fight and imprisoned the other in a nearby hill he built for the purpose which is called Ercall Hill today. The prisoner is said to be still there today and can be heard at times groaning in the night.
Folklore and Tradition
Another tradition tells how the victor hurled a blow spade at his enemy, missing him but hitting a rock making a narrow split which became known as the Needle’s Eye. All true Salopians – that is someone born in Shropshire – are said to have climbed through the needle. Girls who do this are advised to never look back because they will never marry if they do.
© 21/10/2020 zteve t evans
Reference, Attributions and Further Reading
Copyright October 21st, 2020 zteve t evans
- The Wrekin – Wikipedia
- Shropshire Myths & Legends The Wrekin Giant – From Shropshire and my Shins are Sharp – Shropshire Myths & Legends The Wrekin Giant
- British Lore and Legend, The Wrekin Giant, Shropshire
- The Wrekin Stories – Discovering Shropshire’s History
- Legendary Origins
- Shropshire – places – The Wrekin Giant – BBC
- File:Rhekin by Wrodian.jpg from Wikimedia Commons – The Wrekin, Shropshire by Rhodian – Public Domain